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首页 学习方法 人教版初二下册英语知识点归纳


栏目:学习方法 发布时间:2021-09-02 17:21:00 阅读量:195

Unit 1 What’s the matter?一、重点短语 1. have a fever 发烧2. have a cough 咳嗽3. have a toothache 牙疼4. talk too much 说得太多5. drink enough water 喝足够的水6. have a cold 受凉;感冒7. have a stomachache 胃疼8. have a sore back 背疼9. have a sore throat 喉咙痛 10. lie down and rest 躺下来休息11. hot tea w ith honey 加蜂蜜的热茶12. see a dentist 看牙医13. get an X-ray 拍X 光片14. take one’ s temperature 量体温15. put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷药16. feel very hot 感到很热17. sound like 听起来像18. all weekend 整个周末19. in the same way ♦ 以同样的方式20. go to a doctor 看医生21. go along 沿着……走22. on the side of the road 在马路边23. shout for help 大声呼救24. without th inking twice 没有多想25. get off 下车26. have a heart problem 有心脏病27. to one’ s surprise 使....... [京讶的28. thanks to 多亏了 ;由于29. in time 及时30. save a life 挽救生命31. get into trouble 造成麻烦32. right away 立刻;马上33. because of 由于34. get out of 离开;从……出萍35. hurt oneself 受伤36. put a bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎37. fa ll down 摔倒38. feel sick 感到恶心39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血40. cut his knee 割伤他的膝盖41. put her head back 把她的头向后仰42. have problems breathing 呼吸困难43. mountain climbing 登山运动44. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事 45. run out (of) 用完;用尽46. so that 以便47. so. . . that 如此… …以至于…48. be in control of 掌管;管理49. in a d iffic u lt situation 在闲境屮50. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事51. make a decision 做出决定52. take risks 冒险53. give up 放弃二、重点句型1. What’ s the matter?What’ s the matter with you?= What’s the trouble with you?= What’ s wrong with you?你怎么了?2. W hat should she do?她该怎么办呢?Should I take my temperature?我应该量一温吗?主语+ should/shouldn’t + 动词原形. ..①You should lie down and rest.你应该躺下休息一会儿。② You shouldn’ t go out at night.你晚上不应该出去。3. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or abook?你认为它是来自报纸还是书呢?4. I think I sat in the same way for too long withoutmoving.我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。5. She said that the man had a heart problem andshould go to the hospitalUnit 2 I ’ll help to clean up the city parks.一、重点短语 1. Clean-Up Day 清洁日2. an old people’s home 养老院3. help out with sth. 帮助解决困难4. used to 曾经… … ;过去_5. care for 关心;照顾6. the look of joy 快乐的表情7. at the age of 在......岁时8clean up 打扫(或清除)干净9. cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振雀10. give out 分发;散发11. come up w ith 想出;提出12. make a plan 制订计划13. make some notices 做些公告牌14. try out 试用;试行15. work for 为…工作;为…. 效力16. put up 建造;举起;张贴17. hand out 分发;散发;发给18. call up 打电话;召集19. put off 推迟;延迟20. for example 比如;例如21. raise money 筹钱;募捐22. take after 与......相像;像23. give away 赠送;捐赠24. fix up 修理;修补;解决25. be similar to 与……相似26. set up 建立;设立27. disabled people 残疾人28. make a difference 影响;有作用29. be able to 能够30. after-school reading program课外阅读项目二、重点句型1. The boy could give out food at the food bank.这个男孩可以在食品救济站分发食物。2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now.清洁日离现在仅仅两周的时间。3. He volunteers at an animal hospital every Saturdaymorning.每周六上午,他都在一'家动物医院当志愿者。4. Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteerafter-school reading program.去年,她决定去参加一个课外阅读项目的志愿者的选拔。5. . . . you can see in th e ir eyes that th e y? re going ona different journey w ith each new book.……从他们的眼睛里你可以看到他们正在进行每本不同的新书之旅。6. I want to put off my plan to w o rk in an animal hospital u n til next summer.我想把我在动物医院工作的计划推迟到明年夏天。7. Most people today are only worried about gettinggood jobs to make lots of money.现在的大部分人只是为找一份能挣许多钱的好工作而着急。8. You helped to make it possible for me to haveLucky.在你的帮助下,我才有可能拥有“幸运儿”。Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?重点短语 go out for dinner 出去吃饭stay out late 在外面待到很晚go to the movies 去看电影get a ride 搭车work on 从事finish doing sth. 完成做某事clean and tid y 干净整洁do the dishes 洗餐具take out the rubbish 倒垃圾fold your/the clothes 叠衣服sweep the floor 扫地make your/the bed 整理床铺clean the livng room 打扫客厅no problem 没问题welcome . 欢迎某人come home fro m school/ work放学/下班回家throw down 扔下新 课 标 第 一 网sit down 坐下come over 过来take . for a walk 带某人去散步all the time 一直;总是all day/evening 整曰/夜do housew ork 做家务shout back 大声回应walk away 走开.share the housework 分担家务a com fortable home 一个舒适的家in surprise 惊讶地get som ething to drin k 拿点喝的东西watch one show 观看一个节目hang out 闲逛pass . sth. 把某物传给某人lend . sth. 把某物借给某人get sth. wet 使某物弄湿 hate to do sth. 讨厌做某事do chores 做杂务help . (to ) d o /with sth•帮助某人干某事bring a tent带顶帐篷来buy some snacks买些小吃go to the store去商店invite . to a party邀请某人参加聚会make . do sth. 使某人做某事enough stress足够的压力awaste of tim e浪费时间in order to为了get good grades取得好成绩m ind doing sth. 介意做某事depend on依赖;依靠develop c h ild re n ’ s independence发展孩子的独立性look after/take care of 照顾;照看do one’ s part in (doin g ) sth.做某人分内的事二、重点句型1. Could you please…..do sth. ?Could you please clean your room?你能整理一下你的房间吗?2. I have to do some work.我必须干些活。3. Could I+ do sth. ?Could I use your computer?我可以用一下你的电脑吗?4. She won’ t be happy if she sees th is mess.如果她看到这样乱七八糟的话,她会不高兴的。5. For one week, she did not do any housework andneither did I.整整一周,她什么家务活都不干了,我也一样。6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in frontof the T V .我一在电视机前坐下,我妈妈就过来了。7. hate + ( to do/ doing) sth.I hate to do chores.Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?一、重点短语 1. have free time有空闲时间2. allow . to do sth. 允许某人做某事3. hang out with . 与某人闲逛4. after-school classes课外活动课5. get into a fight w ith . 与某人吵架/打架6. until midnight直到半夜7. talk to . 与某人交谈8. too many太多9. study too much学得过多10. get enough sleep有足够的睡眠11. write . a letter给某人写信12. call . up打电话给某人13. surprise . 令某人惊讶14. look through翻看15. be angry with . 生某人的气16. a big deal重要的事17. work out成功地发展;解决18. get on with不 11睦相处;关系良:19. fight a lot经常吵架/打架20. hang over笼罩21. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事22. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事23. so that以便24. mind . doing sth. 介意某人做某事25. all the time一直26. in future今后27. make . angry使某人生气28. worry about sth. 担心某事29. copy one’ s homework抄袭某人的作业30. be oneself做自己31. family members32. spend time alone独自消磨时光33. give . pressure给某人施压34. have a fight w ith . 与某人吵架35. compete w ith . 与某人竞争36. free time activities业余活动37. get better grades取得更好的成绩38. give one’ s opinion提出某人的观点39. learn exam skills学习应试技巧40. practice sports体育训练41. cause stress造成压力42. cut out删除二、重点句型1. I studied until mid night last night so I did n ‘t getenough sleep.我昨晚学习到半夜所以睡眠不足。2. Why don 't you forge t about it?你为什么不忘掉它呢?3. Although she ’ s wrong , i t ' s not a big deal.虽然她错了 •但这并不是什么大事儿。4. H e should talk to his friend so that he can say h e’sso rry.他应该跟朋友谈谈以便他能说声对不起。5. May be you could go to his house.也许你可以去他家。6. I guess I could, b u t I d o n ’ t w a n t to s u rp ris e him.我想我可以.但我不想让他感到惊讶。Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?一、重点短语 1. make sure 确信;确认2. beat against... 拍打… …3. fall asleep 进人梦乡;睡着4. die down 逐渐变弱;逐渐消失5. wake up 醒来6. in a mess 一团糟7. break.. . apart 使……分离8. in times of difficulty 在困难的时候9. at the time of 当.......时候10. go off (闹钟)发出响声11. take a hot shower 洗热水澡12. miss the bus 错过公交车13. pick up 接电话14. bring... together 使……靠拢15. in the area 在这个地区16. miss the event 错过这个事件17. by the side of the road 在路边18. the Animal Helpline 动物保护热线19. walk by 走路经过20. make one’s way to. •. 在某人去……的路上21. hear the news 听到这个消息22., important events in history 历的重大事件23., for example 例如24., be killed 被杀害25., over 50 5 0多(岁)26. a school pupil 一个小学生27. on the radio 通过广播28., in silence 沉默;无声29., more recently 最近地;新近30., the World Trade Center 世贸中心31., take down 拆除;摧毁32., have meaning to 对……有意义33., remember doing sth. 记得做过某事34., at first 首先;最初二、重点句型1. — What were you doing at eight last night?昨晚8 点你在干什么?— I was taking a shower.我在洗淋浴。2. When it began to rain, Ben was helping his mommake dinner.当开始下雨的时候,本正在帮他妈妈做晚饭。3. — What was Jenny doing while Linda was sleeping?琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在干什么?— While Linda was sleeping, Jenny was helpingM a ry with her homework.琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在帮玛丽做作业。Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains一、重点短语 1. work on doing sth. 致力于做某事2. as soon as ...... 一……就…....3. once upon a time 从前4. continue to do sth. 继续做某事如此… …以至于… *5. make sth. happen 使某事发生 6.try to do sth. 试图做某事7. the journey to sp. ......之旅8. tell the/a story 讲故事9. put on 穿上10. a little b it 有点儿11. keep doing sth. 坚持做某事12. give up 放弃13. instead of 代替;反而14. turn .. . into 变成15. get married 结婚16. the main character 主要人物;主人公17. at other times 在另外一些时候18. be able to 能;会19. come out (书、电影等)出版20. become interested in. • • 对……感兴趣21. walk to the other side 走到另一边去22. a fa iry tale 一个神话故事23. the rest of the story 故事的其余部分24. leave . to do sth. 让某人做某事25. make a plan to do sth. 筹划/计划做某事26. go to sleep 去睡觉27. lead . to sp. 把某人领到某地28. get lost 迷路29. change one’s plan 改变计划30. tell . to do sth. 叫某人做某事31. in the moonlight 在月光下32. find one’ s way home 找到某人回家的路33. the next day 第二天34. send . to sp. 派某人去某地二、重点句型1. W hat do you th in k about/of.. . ?So what do you th ink about the story of Yu Gong?你觉得愚公的故事怎么样?2. It doesn’ t seem adj . to do sth ..I t doesn’ t seem very possible to move -a mountain.把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。3. This is because...This is because he can make 72 changes to hisshape and size, turning himself into different animalsand objects.这是因为他会根据他的形状和大小,做出72种变化,可以将自己变成不同的动物或东西。… so… th a t+从句Sometimes he can make the stick so all that hecan keep it in his ear.有时候,他能够让他的金箍棒变得很小,以至于可以放在耳朵里。5. It take . some time to do sth ..Because they were so big that it took a long time towalk to the other side.这些(山)太高了,他们要花好长时间才能翻越过去。6 .… not.. .. util十从句Don’ t eat it until you get to the forest.你们到达森林之后才能吃。Unit 7 W hat’s the highest mountain in the world?      一、重点短语1. as big as 与……一样大2. one of the oldest countries 最古老的国家之一3. feel free to do sth. 随意地做某事4. as far as I know 据我所知5. man-made objects 人造物体6. part o f... ...... 的组成部分7. the highest mountain 的山脉8. in the w orld 在世界上9. any other mountain 其他任何一座山10. of a ll the salt lakes 在所有的咸水湖中11. run along 跨越… …12. freezing weather •冰冻的天气13. take in a ir 呼吸空气14. the firs t people to do sth. 第一个做某事的人15. in the face of difficulties 面临危险16. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事17. achieve one’ s dream 实现某人的梦想18. the forces of nature 自然界的力量19. reach the top 到达顶峰20. even though 虽然;尽管21. at b irth 在出生的时候22. be awake 醒着23. run over w ith excitement 兴奋地跑过去24. w alk into . 撞到某人25. fa ll over 摔倒 26. take care of 照顾;照料27. every two years •每两年28. cut down the forests 砍伐林木29. endangered animals 濒危动物30. fewer and fewer pandas 大熊猫越来越少31. be in danger 处于危险之中32. the importance of saving these animals拯救这些动物的重要性二、重点句型1. It is -\~adj. + (fo r . ) to do sth.It is also very hard to take in a ir as you get near thetop.当你接近山顶时,连呼吸都会困难。2. . . . is because...One of the main reasons is because people want tochallenge themselves in the face of difficulties.其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在面临困难时挑战自己。3. . . . show(s) th a t...The spirit of these climbers shows us that weshould never give up tryin g to achieve our dreams. 这些登山者的精神向我们证明:我们永远都不应该放弃实现自己的梦想。4. H ow high/ deep/. . . is ... ?H ow high is Qomolangma?珠穆朗玛峰有多高?5. Although. “ ,…A lthough Japan is older than Canada,it is muchaller.虽然日本比加拿大有更悠久的历史,但是日本比加拿大小多了。6. . spend tim e/money doing sth.A d u lt pandas spend more than 12 hours a day eatingabout 10 kilos of bamboo.成年大熊猫一天要花1 2 个多小时的时间吃大约Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?一、重点短语1. on page 25 在第2 5 页2. the back of the book 书的背面3. h u rry up 赶快;匆忙4. in tw o weeks 在两周之内5. go out to sea 出海6. an island fu ll of treasures 一个满是宝藏的岛屿7. w rite about 写作关于……的内容8. finish doing sth. 做完某事9. w ait for another ship 等待另一艘船到来10. learn to do sth. 学会做某事11. grow fru its and vegetables 种水果和蔬菜12. a few weeks ago 几个星期前13. the m arks of another m an’ s feet另一个人的脚印14. not long after that 不久之后15. run towards sp. 跑向某地16. use... to do sth. 用……来做某事17. signs le ft behind by someone某人留下的标记18. read the newspaper 看报19. science fiction 科幻小说20. can’ t w ait to do sth. 迫不及待地做某事21. a good way to wake up 醒来的一个好办法22. number of people 人数23. used to do sth. (过去)常常做某事24. study abroad 在国外学习25. make . do sth. 使某人做某事26. come to realize 开始意识到27. ever since then 自从那时起28. the southern states of America美国的南部地区29. belong to 属于30. be kind to each other 善待彼此31. tru s t one another 互相信任32. the beauty of nature 大自然的美33. have been to sp. 去过某地34. do some research on sth. 对……做研究35. hope to do sth. 希望做某事36. see . do sth. 看到某人做某事37. the firs t line in the song歌曲的第一行38. enjoy success in享受……的成功39. at the end of the day傍晚的时候二、重点句型1. Have you. • . yet?— Have you read l ittle Women yet?你读过《小妇人》吗?— Yes,I have. /N o , I haven’ t.是的,我读过。/ 不,我没有。2. Has... yet?— Has T in a read Treasure Island yet?蒂娜读过《金银岛》这本书吗?— Yes, she has. She thinks i t ’ s fantastic.是的,她读过。她觉得它很棒。3. W ould you lik e ... ?W ould you like something to drink?你要来点喝的吗?4. I heard...I heard you lost your key.我听说你丢钥匙了。5. . . . came to realize how m uch...She came to realize how much she actually missed all of them.她开始意识到,事实上她是多么想念他们所有的人。

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