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首页 学习方法 八年级下册英语五单元知识点归纳仁爱版

八年级下册英语五单元知识点归纳仁爱版

栏目:学习方法 发布时间:2021-07-28 17:50:03 阅读量:73

【篇一】八年级下册英语五单元知识点归纳仁爱版


一.重点句型。 

1. I get so nervous when I give a speech. 只要发表演讲,我就紧张。

give (.) a speech 做报告,做演讲;

e.g. Our school will invite a scientist to give us a speech about feelings next week.下周,我们学校将邀请一位科学家给我们做一个关于情感的报告。

2. I have a CD about giving speeches. 我有一张有关发表演讲的CD。

3. I feel more relaxed now because of your help. 有了你的帮助,我现在感觉轻松多了。

A. because of+代词/介词短语,“因为(某人/某事物);由于”,在句中作状语。

e.g. He walked slowly because of his bad leg. 他走得慢是因为腿有毛病。

B. because 连词, “因为”,用来连接原因状语从句。

e.g. I did it because he told me to. 我做这事是因为他叫我做的。

4. What is Kangkang’s suggestion for helping Michael?

suggestion 意为:“建议,提议”,为可数名词。 其的动词:suggest。同义词: advice, 为不可数名词。

e.g. I’d like to hear your suggestions for ways of raising money.

= I’d like to hear your advice for ways of raising money.

关于筹集资金的办法,我想听听你的意见。

make a suggestion 意为:“提建议”。

e.g. Can I make a suggestion? 我提个建议好吗?

5. Relax and just follow the dentist’s advice. 放轻松,只要听医生的建议。

A. advice 意为:“建议”, 不可数名词。

advice 可被 some, any, no 等词修饰,不可被an或其他数词直接修饰。

常用短语: 

a piece of advice 一则建议; three pieces of advice 三则建议;

give . some advice 给某人提些建议;follow one’s advice 遵循某人的建议;

B. advise 意为:“建议”, 动词。

常用结构: 

advise . to do sth. 建议某人做某事;

advise . not to do sth. 建议某人不要做某事;

e.g. The doctor advised her to eat less and do more exercise. 医生建议她要少吃多锻炼。

【篇二】八年级下册英语五单元知识点归纳仁爱版


一.重点句型。 

1. Anything wrong? 有什么麻烦吗?

此句为省略句,完整的句子是:Is there anything wrong?

e.g. Is there anything wrong with your head? 你的头有什么毛病吗?

2. I’m sorry to hear that. 很抱歉听到这个消息。

be sorry to do sth. 很抱歉做某事;

e.g. I’m very sorry to keep you waiting so long. 很抱歉让你等这么久。

3. What seems to be the problem? 到底是怎么回事?

4. She is crying in the bathroom because she did badly in the English exam.因为考不好,她在洗手间里哭呢。

badly为副词,修饰动词的副词通常放在被修饰的动词之后。如:listen carefully, read quickly等。do badly in 在……方面做得不好,与do well in意思相反。

e.g. Why do you think you did so badly in your text? 你认为为什么你考得这么差?

He did very well in English when he was young. 他小时候就很擅长英语。

5. She is very strict with herself. 她对自己要求很严格。

A. be strict with . 对……要求严格,后面接人作宾语。

e.g. The teacher is strict with us. 老师对我们要求很严格。

B. be strict about/in sth. 在……方面要求严格;

e.g. His father is strict with him about/in study.

他的父亲在学习方面对他要求很严格。

6. She feels very lonely because she has no friends to talk with. 她感到很寂寞,因为没有朋友可以聊天。

1)alone与lonely比较:

A. alone既可作副词,又可作形容词,常在句中作表语和状语,说明客观存在。

e.g. She left for Shangqiu alone. 她独自去了商丘。(状语)

Jim’s parents both went shopping. So he is alone at home.吉姆的父母都去买东西了。因此只有他自己在家。(表语)

B. lonely形容词,常在句中作表语、定语,侧重人的心理。

e.g. There is a lonely room on the side of the hill. 山坡上有一间孤零零的房子。(定语)

The old man seldom speaks to others, but he never feels lonely.那老人很少与其他人说话,但他从不感到寂寞。(表语)

2)不定式短语to talk with作后置定语修饰friends。

e.g. Mary, I can’t go there with you, because I have a lot of homework to do.

玛丽,我不能和你去那儿,因为我有许多家庭作业要做。

7. I think I should have a talk with her.

have a talk with .和某人交谈,talk在这里是名词,这个短语相当于talk with .。

e.g. You should have a talk with your son to know what he is thinking about.

=You should talk with your son to know what he is thinking about.

你应该和你儿子谈一谈,弄清楚他在想什么。

类似词组有:have a walk散散步;have a look看一看。

8. So I send this card to cheer you up. 所以我给你发这张电子卡片想让你振作起来。

A. send sth.to .=send . sth. 把某物寄给某人;

类似的用法还有: 

give sth. to .=give . sth.把某物给某人;

pass sth. to .=pass . sth.把某物传给某人。

e.g. He will send a postcard to his mother on Mother’s Day

=He will send his mother a postcard on Mother’s Day.

他要在母亲节那天寄给妈妈一张贺卡。

Could you give me that pen?= Could you give that pen to me?

你能把那支钢笔给我吗?

He passed the camera to her, so she could take a photo.

=He passed her the camera, so she could take a photo.

他把相机递给她,好让她照相。

B. send ./sth. to do sth. 送某人/物做某事;

e.g. I’ll send some workers to help you.我叫几个工人去帮助你。

9. You don’t need to worry about the English exam. 你没必要为英语考试担心。

need 需要,在此作实义动词,也可以作情态动词。

A. need作实义动词时,同其他实义动词一样,有人称和时态的变化,其疑问和否定形式都要借助于助动词do/does/did。

e.g. Do you need any help? 你需要帮忙吗?

I don’t need your help, thank you. 谢谢,我不需要你来帮助。

B. need在疑问句和否定句中可以作情态动词并且没有数和人称形式变化,后面接动词原形,其否定形式为need not/need’t。

e.g. He need not take the exam. 他不必参加考试。

10. Try to talk to others, and you’ll be happy again. 试着去和别人谈谈心,你就会重新快乐起来。

A. try to do sth. 尽力做某事;

e.g. Try to stay calm. 努力保持冷静。

B. try not to do sth. 尽量不做某事;

e.g. You should try not to be alone. 你应该尽量不要单独一个人。

C. try doing sth. 尝试做某事;

e.g. You should try doing it like others.你应该和其他人一样尝试去做。

【篇三】八年级下册英语五单元知识点归纳仁爱版


一.重点句型。 

1. How are you doing? =How are you? 你们好吗?多用于熟人之间的问候。

2. My father and mother want to invite your parents to go to the movies.我爸妈想邀请你们父母一起去看电影。

1)A. want to do sth. = would like to do sth. 想要做某事;

B. want sth. = would like sth. 想要某物;

2)invite . to do sth. 邀请某人做某事;

invite . (to sp.) 邀请某人(到某地);

Liming invited me to his party yesterday. 昨晚李明邀请我去参加他的聚会。

3)go to the movies 去看电影;

3. It’s one of my parents’ favorite movies.它是我父母他们最喜欢的电影之一。

1)one of + 形容词级+可数名词复数 ……中最……之一;

Tom is one of the most lively boys in our class. 汤姆是我们班最活跃的男生之一。

2)“one of +可数名词复数”作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

One of the bags is mine. 其中一个书包是我的。

4. My mom will prepare some delicious food for us. 我妈将为我们准备一些美味的食物。

prepare; prepare for; prepare…for; be prepared for; prepare to do sth. 的区别:

A. prepare sth.意为“准备某事”强调准备的过程或动作,宾语必须是这一动作的直接承受者;另有“配置、调制”之意。

Our English teacher was preparing the lessons when I came into the office.我进办公室时,我们的英语老师在备课。

B. prepare for意为“为……作准备”,for后面的宾语是准备的目的,即所要应付的情况。

The students are busy preparing for the final exam.学生们正在准备期末考试。

C. prepare sth. for . 意为“为某人准备……”。

We must prepare a room for our guest. 我们必须为客人准备一个房间。

D. be prepared for强调准备好的状态。

I'm not prepared to listen to your weak excuses. 我不想听你那站不住脚的借口。

E. prepare to do sth.表示"准备做......"。

They were preparing to cross the river when it began to rain.他们正准备过河,突然下雨了。

5. Please say thanks to your mom for us. 请带我们向*表示感谢。

say thanks to . 向某人表示感谢。类似的短语还有:

say hello to . 向某人问好;say good-bye to . 向某人告别;

say sorry to . 向某人道歉。

He came here to say good-bye to me.他过来向我道别。

6. He felt disappointed because he was not able to buy a ticket to The Sounds of Music. 他感到很失望,因为他买不到《音乐之声》的票。

1)felt是feel的过去式。feel意为“感觉,感到”,是连系动词,后面接形容词作表语。类似的还有:taste(尝起来), ell(闻起来), look(看起来),sound(听起来)。

The music sounds wonderful.这音乐听起来很优美。

2)be able to do sth. 有能力做某事; be not able to do sth. 没有能力做某事;

be able to, can 区别:

be able to do能够---侧指通过努力能够实现的;can---侧指人所具有的一种能力。另外, can 一般用于现在时和过去时 而be able to可以用于任何时态。

3)a ticket to ……的票/入场券;

7. Jane’s parents will feel excited about the news. 简的父母将对这个消息感到很兴奋。

be excited about sth. 对某物感到很兴奋;

My son is excited about the present. 我儿子对这份礼物感到很兴奋。

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