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首页 学习方法 2018八年级下册英语知识点


栏目:学习方法 发布时间:2021-07-26 17:39:11 阅读量:170

Unit 1 What’s thematter?
1. have a fever 发烧
2. have a cough 咳嗽
3. have a toothache 牙疼
4. talk too much 说得太多
5. drink enough water 喝足够的水
6. have a cold 受凉;感冒
7. have a stomachache 胃疼
8. have a sore back 背疼
9. have a sore throat 喉咙痛
10.lie down and rest 躺下来休息
11. hot tea w ith honey 加蜂蜜的热茶
12.see a dentist 看牙医
13. get an X-ray 拍X 光片
14. take one’ s temperature 量体温
15. put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷药
16. feel very hot 感到很热
17. sound like 听起来像
18. allweekend 整个周末
19. in the same way 以同样的方式
20. goto a doctor 看医生
21. go along 沿着……走
22. on the side of the road 在马路边
23. shoutfor help 大声呼救
24. without th inking twice 没有多想
25. get off 下车
26. have aheart problem 有心脏病
27. to one’ s surprise 使....... [京讶的
28. thanks to 多亏了;由于
29. in time 及时
30. save a life 挽救生命
31. get into trouble 造成麻烦
32.right away 立刻;马上
33. because of 由于
34. get out of 离开;从……出萍
35. hurt oneself 受伤
36.put a bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎
37. fa ll down 摔倒
38. feel sick 感到恶心
39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血
40. cut his knee 割伤他的膝盖
41.put her head back 把她的头向后仰
42. have problems breathing 呼吸困难
43. mountain climbing 登山运动
44. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事
45. run out (of) 用完;用尽
46. so that 以便
47.so. . . that 如此… …以至于…
48. be in control of 掌管;管理
49. in a difficult situation 在闲境屮
50. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事
51. make a decision 做出决定
52.take risks 冒险
53. give up 放弃
1. What’ s the matter? What’ s the matter withyou?=What’s the trouble with you?
= What’ s wrong with you?你怎么了?
2. What should she do?她该怎么办呢?
Should I take my temperature?我应该量一*温吗?
主语+ should/shouldn’t+ 动词原形. ..
①You should lie down and rest.你应该躺下休息一会儿。
②You shouldn’ t go out at night.你晚上不应该出去。
3. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book?你认为它是来自报纸还是书
4. I think I sat in the same way for too long withoutmoving.
5. She said that the man had a heart problem andshouldgoto the hospital
Unit 2 I ’ll help to clean up the city parks.
1. Clean-Up Day 清洁日
2. anold people’s home 养老院
3. help out with sth. 帮助解决困难
4. used to 曾经… 过去_
5. care for 关心;照顾
6. the look of joy 快乐的表情
7. atthe age of 在......岁时
8.clean up 打扫(或清除)干净
9. cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振雀
10. give out 分发;散发
11. come up with 想出;提出
12.make a plan 制订计划
13. make some notices 做些公告牌
14.try out 试用;试行
15. work for 为…工作;为…. 效力
16. put up 建造;举起;张贴
17. hand out 分发;散发;发给
18. call up 打电话;召集
19. put off 推迟;延迟
20. for example 比如;例如
21. raise money 筹钱;募捐
22. take after 与......相像;像
23. give away 赠送;捐赠
24. fix up 修理;修补;解决
25. be similar to 与……相似
26. set up 建立;设立
27. disabled people 残疾人
28. make a difference 影响;有作用
29. be able to 能够
30. after-school reading program课外阅读项目
1. The boy could give out food at the food bank.这个男孩可以在食品救济站分发食物。
2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now.清洁日离现在仅仅两周的时间。
3. He volunteers at an animal hospital every Saturdaymorning.
4. Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteerafter-schoolreading program.
5. . . . you can see in the ir eyes that they’ regoing on
a different journey with each new book.
6. I want to put off my plan to work in an animalhospitaluntil next summer.
7. Most people today are only worried about gettinggoodjobs to make lots of money.
8. You helped to make it possible for me to have Lucky.
Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?rankymana
go out for dinner 出去吃饭stayoutlate 在外面待到很晚go to the movies 去看*get a ride 搭车work on 从事finish doing sth. 完成做某事clean and tid y 干净整洁do the dishes 洗餐具take out therubbish 倒垃圾fold your/the clothes 叠衣服sweep the floor 扫地make your/thebed 整理床铺clean the livng room 打扫客厅no problem 没问题welcome . 欢迎某人come home fro m school/ work放学/下班回家throw down 扔下sitdown 坐下come over 过来take. for a walk 带某人去散步all the time 一直;总是all day/evening 整曰/夜do housew ork 做家务
shout back 大声回应walkaway 走开.share the housework 分担家务
a com fortable home 一个舒适的家insurprise 惊讶地get som ething to drin k 拿点喝的东西watch one show 观看一个节目hang out 闲逛pass . sth. 把某物传给某人lend . sth. 把某物借给某人get sth. wet 使某物弄湿hate to dosth. 讨厌做某事do chores 做杂务help . (to ) d o /with sth•帮助某人干某事bring a tent带顶帐篷来buy some snacks买些小吃go to the store去商店invite . to a party邀请某人参加聚会make . do sth. 使某人做某事enough stress足够的压力awaste of tim e浪费时间in order to为了get good grades取得好成绩mind doing sth. 介意做某事
depend on依赖;依靠develop childre n ’ sindependence发展孩子的独立性
look after/take care of 照顾;照看doone’ s part in (doin g ) sth.做某人分内的事
1. Could you please…..do sth. ?Could you please cleanyourroom?
2. I have to do some work.我必须干些活。
3. Could I+ do sth. ?Could I use your computer?我可以用一下你的电脑吗?
4. She won’ t be happy if she sees th is mess.
5. For one week, she did not do any houseworkandneitherdid I.
6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front oftheT V .
7. hate + ( to do/ doing) sth. I hate to dochores.我讨厌做杂务。
Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?
1. have free time有空闲时间
2.allow . to do sth. 允许某人做某事
3. hang out with . 与某人闲逛
4. after-school classes课外活动课
5. get into a fight with . 与某人吵架/打架
6. until midnight直到半夜
7.talk to . 与某人交谈
8. too many太多
9. study too much学得过多
10.get enough sleep有足够的睡眠
11. write . a letter给某人写信
12.call . up打电话给某人
13. surprise . 令某人惊讶
14.look through翻看
15. be angry with . 生某人的气
16. abig deal重要的事
17. work out成功地发展;解决
18. get on with和睦相处;关系良好
19. fight a lot经常吵架/打架
20. hang over笼罩
21.refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事
22. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事
23. so that以便
24.mind . doing sth. 介意某人做某事
25. all the time一直
26. in future今后
27.make . angry使某人生气
28. worry about sth. 担心某事
29. copy one’ s homework抄袭某人的作业
30. beoneself做自己
31. family members
32. spend time alone独自消磨时光
33.give . pressure给某人施压
34. have a fight with . 与某人吵架
35. compete with . 与某人竞争
36. free time activities业余活动
37. get better grades取得更好的成绩
38. give one’ s opinion提出某人的观点
39. learn exam skills学习应试技巧
40.practice sports体育训练
41. cause stress造成压力
42.cut out删除
1. I studied until mid night last night so I did n’tgetenough sleep.
2. Why don 't you forge t about it?你为什么不忘掉它呢?
3. Although she ’ s wrong , i t ' s not a big deal.
4. He should talk to his friend so that he can say he’ssorry.
5. May be you could go to his house.也许你可以去他家。
6. I guess I could, but I don’t want to surprise him.

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